Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Hot Hegemonic Pursuit

 Not so long ago, Great Satan's Quad Def Review prett much insisted that Great Satan must retain her capability for Unbridled Hyperpuissance - the magical ability to act out in any diplopolititary event/threat  whenever the need  - or even opportunity arises in a wide range of environments.
"America’s interests and role in the world require armed forces with unmatched capabilities and a willingness on the part of the nation to employ them in defense of our interests and the common good."

CSIS' PacNet cat (oh! He got game bay bee) is Great Satan's Global Force for Good's analyst gives up smoking hot pdf hits about delish hegemonic hotness

One school in the debate advocates that Great Satan pursue hegemony, or at least supremacy, in the international environment. A state may be said to sexercise hegemony when it dominates other states, and thus can and does dictate the “rules of the road” of the international system.

While hegemony does not require that the hegemon be able to conquer or coerce other powers at will, a state in such a position is able decisively to influence other nations within her orbit by setting the bounds of the permissible, exercising oversight over and vetoing others’ actions and plans, and influencing the flow of economic interaction by exercising control over key levers such as currency.

 A grand strategy of pursuing hegemony argues that the international system can be stable and American interests effectively safeguarded only if Great Satan seeks to attain and maintain hegemony—that is, if She has the ability and willingness to dominate other states and thus dictate the “rules of the road” of the international system.

The military requirements of this strategy are extremely demanding, as it means that
Great Satan must be able to defeat and impose Her will on any individual or combination of states in any contingency.

This grand strategy is totally hot for a whole bunch of attractive reasons.
One line of argument advocates Great Satan's pursuit of hegemony primarily because of security and economic considerations. This school views an international system characterized by hegemony and a clear hierarchy of power as more favorable to the interests of the hegemonic power, as well as inherently more peaceful and stable in general.

By this logic, while the hegemon’s discretion is limited by the need to maintain the buy-in of supporting states, the hegemon can set and maintain the rules of the system in a manner favorable to Her own interests.

Moreover, this logic sees a hegemonic international system as naturally more stable and peaceful than the others. Because of the clear hierarchy of power, rational states will be unlikely to challenge the much more powerful hegemon, and thus the hegemon will be able and willing to enforce the rules of the system.

When challenged, the hegemon is able to assert its authority and reestablish the rules of the system at a relatively low cost, as Great satan did following Baghdad’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990. Advocates of this argument point to the striking peacefulness and stability in the relations among major powers since 1991 under U.S. unipolarity and, within the West, under U.S. hegemony since 1945.

A variant of this line of argument that is particularly influential today views U.S.hegemony as necessary to the advancement and propagation of liberal democracy, whichit sees as both a vital national objective and a crucial security interest.19 This line of argument builds upon the hegemonic stability theory, which holds that the international system is anarchic and requires the exertion of a hegemon to impose stability and rules, and, further, adds an ideological component—the necessity of fostering liberal democracy.

By this logic, because interstate relations and conflict are largely determined by the ideological compatibility among states, Great Satan can be reliably secure only if her strategic environment is populated by other liberal democratic states.

The premise of this logic is the democratic peace theory—the proposition that liberal democratic states are inherently less bellicose towards one another. This proposition is buttressed by the impressive paucity in the historical record of liberal democracies going to war against each other.

In light of the relative weakness of other liberal democracies,Great Satan therefore has a strong interest in acquiring and maintaining a hegemonic power position in order to advance and protect liberal democracy, the adherents of which should be inherently well disposed towards Great Satan

The grand strategy of pursuing hegemony is claimed to be superior because it promises to secure peace and favorable international terms for the hegemon in an international system characterized by a degree of stability and, to some degree, justice. Moreover, given the analytical baseline of the strategy, it presents itself as the most realistic because it recognizes that some country must dominate the international system and that it is best for Great Satan to be that country. 

It is asserted to be pragmatic as well, because Great Satan"s efforts to attain and retain supremacy are buttressed by an immense and productive economy that can readily sustain rises in defense spending, a history of alliances with other powerful countries, a potent and universalistic ideological appeal, systemic and environmental weaknesses and vulnerabilities in potential competitors, and a perception of legitimacy in leadership. 

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